Dating cabinet cards
In the West, the first public libraries were established under the Roman Empire as each succeeding emperor strove to open one or many which outshone that of his predecessor.
Rome’s first public library was established by Asinius Pollio.
Private or personal libraries made up of written books (as opposed to the state or institutional records kept in archives) appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC.
The celebrated book collectors of Hellenistic Antiquity were listed in the late 2nd century in Deipnosophistae.
The tablets were stored in a variety of containers such as wooden boxes, woven baskets of reeds, or clay shelves.All these libraries were Greek; the cultivated Hellenized diners in Deipnosophistae pass over the libraries of Rome in silence.By the time of Augustus, there were public libraries near the forums of Rome: there were libraries in the Porticus Octaviae near the Theatre of Marcellus, in the temple of Apollo Palatinus, and in the Bibliotheca Ulpiana in the Forum of Trajan.Modern libraries are increasingly being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats and from many sources.They are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building, by providing material accessible by electronic means, and by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing very large amounts of information with a variety of digital tools.